MANILA, PHILIPPINES — 5G is the next generation in mobile communication networks after the current 4G standard. 5G-enabled devices including smartphones, tablets, laptops and Internet-of-Things (IoT) will usher in advances powered by high-speed connectivity, very low latency, and flexible service delivery platforms.
This unique combination will support smart vehicles and a transport infrastructure where a split second delay could spell the difference between a smooth traffic flow and a 5-way crash pile-up on a busy intersection. 5G will also enable real-time control of multiple devices in critical applications such as remote control of heavy machinery in hazardous environments and even remote surgery.
By dynamically allocating the network resources, 5G systems will manage three main use cases, as follows:
Mobile IoT/Massive IoT. Also known as mMTC (Massive MTC), this will entail improved network coverage, high connection density and long operating life of devices. Examples of its applications are:
Smart cities. Fast, responsive, and stable 5G network will be able handle vast amounts of data enabling disparate urban facilities to communicate with one another and boost their efficiency and effectiveness. It will help minimize such hazards as congestion, pollution and excessive energy consumption to make way for smarter, cleaner, and livable communities
Smart logistics. With 5G-connected sensors installed in every single item, stakeholders in the supply chain will be able to see not only the item’s location but also its temperature, humidity, and much more at any given time. In tandem with other 5G features, the delivery also can be scheduled using the fastest route from the warehouse to destination.
Smart metering. With power visibility all the way to the meter, utilities can optimize energy distribution and even take action to rationalize demand loads. Faster interaction will help improve customer satisfaction as consumers gain more control over their energy usage.
Enhanced mobile broadband. Also called Critical IoT, it is capable of high performance, ultra-reliable, low latency industrial IoT for mission critical applications.
Immersive video conferencing. 5G wireless will enable ubiquitous access and a new generation of remote collaboration. In webinars, for example, participants in remote locations will be able to see each other, work together in real time and interact with one another as if they were physically present in the seminar room. The main benefit is to involve all participants in the discussion and no one being left out.
Augmented reality (AR/VR). As high data rates and extremely low latency are achieved, consumer experience will be enhanced. AR/VR will revolutionize gaming, retail shopping, and other customer-centric applications.
3D video. Using 5G in real-time networks, this will significantly transform the healthcare industry. Highlights will be medical consultation from remote locations and live transmission of high-definition surgery videos that can be remotely monitored.
Critical communications. Improved channel performance will lead to a more seamless user experience in accessing multimedia content for human-centric communication.
Autonomous vehicles. Connected cars coupled with augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) will be one of the primary use cases of 5G. Enhanced vehicular communication services will cover both direct communication (between vehicles, vehicle to pedestrian, and vehicle to infrastructure) and network-facilitated communication for autonomous driving. Aside from passenger convenience and safety, the use case will include path planning, coordinated driving, and real-time local updates.
Smart grid. 5G connected smart grid will enable two-way communication, allow citizens to choose where they buy their energy and drive dynamic pricing. At least 12% reduction in household energy use is projected.
Factory automation. 5G and IoT will be key to new process innovations that will enhance and enable advances in manufacturing. 5G networks offer manufacturers and telecom operators the chance to build smart factories and take advantage of cutting-edge developments in automation, artificial intelligence, augmented reality for troubleshooting, and the Internet of Things (IoT) for much-needed gains in efficiency and profitability.